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Global warming and other untoward effects of unhealthy climate change as a result of the accumulation of greenhouse gases are a growing concern in many nations. A large percentage of these harmful gases come from industrial processes and activities.
In a bid to check these activities, the greenhouse gas protocol was formulated and adopted by various companies all over the world. These guidelines, when followed properly, help reduce emissions and consequently protect the ecosystem. Keep reading to learn more about the component and how to implement the protocol.
Identification of Greenhouse Gas Emitting Activities
Several activities go on in companies and industries that contribute to a markedly elevated rate of greenhouse gas emissions. It’ll be difficult to implement the protocol if these activities are not first identified and regulated appropriately. Common sources include energy production and consumption, machine and engine combustion, and the use of non-renewable materials.
Categorize the Activities
The next step in implementing the protocol after identifying gas-emitting activities is to categorize them into three. scope one is emissions that have their sources from the company’s properties or objects controlled by the company. For instance, emissions from the company’s buses, engines, and machines all fall under scope one. Other assets and activities that are controlled by the company are also in this category.
Scope 2 includes emissions related to electricity, especially those from non-renewable sources. Typically, emissions related to energy production and consumption fall within this scope. The third scope deals with emissions from companies or sources that are not owned by you directly but affect you due to collaborations. Typically, scopes one and two are the major ones to quantify and take full cognizance of. The last scope should be quantified according to the company’s discretion.
Collect Appropriate Data
After separating the scopes, especially the one and two, the next step is quantifying them. This means that you must calculate the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from all assets and activities controlled by you alongside emissions from electricity. You must also continually collate data from activities similar to the ones covered by Scopes 1 and 2. This data should be obtained for twelve consecutive months.
Process Information and Report
The concluding step is to get the emission factor, which is the quantity of a greenhouse gas emitted in relation to the activity that causes the emission. This must be done for all the activities outlined above. The emissions must also be structured individually for each gas. This means that the emissions for methane must be structured differently from those for hydrofluorocarbons.
A Final Word
The overall goal of these guidelines is to help reduce and manage emissions of greenhouse gases effectively. However, following the protocol might prove challenging, and making a report can be cumbersome for large businesses. Thankfully, some experts can help in this regard. You can check here to get in touch with professionals that assist companies in implementing and applying the GHG protocol standards. They help to identify, measure, calculate, and report emissions for all greenhouse gases.